World's newest island from the air
Date published: 07th October 2013
'The island is really
just a big pile of mud from the seafloor that got pushed up,' said Bill
Barnhart, a geologist at the U.S. Geological Survey who studies
earthquakes in Pakistan and Iran.
'This area of the world seems to see so many of these features because the geology is correct for their formation.
'You need a shallow, buried layer of pressurised gas—methane, carbon dioxide, or something else—and fluids.
'When that layer becomes disturbed by seismic waves (like an earthquake), the gases and fluids become buoyant and rush to the surface, bringing the rock and mud with them.'
Dead fish have been spotted floating on the surface of the waters surrounding the island and visitors have heard hissing noises from the escaping toxic gas.
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